良玉的博客 点点滴滴,积水成河_良玉的博客_页游、手游linux运维工程师之路

nginx log format 参数大全

$ancient_browser            equals the value set by the ancient_browser_value directive, if a browser was identified as ancient

$arg_                       argument in the request line

$args                       arguments in the request line

$binary_remote_addr         client address in a binary form, value’s length is always 4 bytes for IPv4 addresses or 16 bytes for IPv6 addresses

$body_bytes_sent            number of bytes sent to a client, not counting the response header; this variable is compatible with the “%B” parameter of the mod_log_config Apache module

$bytes_sent                 number of bytes sent to a client (1.3.8, 1.2.5)

$connection                 connection serial number (1.3.8, 1.2.5)

$connection_requests        current number of requests made through a connection (1.3.8, 1.2.5)

$connections_active         same as the Active connections value

$connections_reading        same as the Reading value

$connections_waiting        same as the Waiting value

$connections_writing        same as the Writing value

$content_length             “Content-Length” request header field

$content_type               “Content-Type” request header field

$cookie_                    the named cookie

$date_gmt                   current time in GMT. The format is set by the config command with the timefmt parameter

$date_local                 current time in the local time zone. The format is set by the config command with the timefmt parameter

$document_root              root or alias directive’s value for the current request

$document_uri               same as $uri

$fastcgi_path_info          the value of the second capture set by the fastcgi_split_path_info directive. This variable can be used to set the PATH_INFO parameter

$fastcgi_script_name        request URI or, if a URI ends with a slash, request URI with an index file name configured by the fastcgi_index directive appended to it. This variable can be used to set the SCRIPT_FILENAME and PATH_TRANSLATED parameters that determine the script name in PHP. For example, for the “/info/” request with the following directives

                                fastcgi_index index.php;

                                fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /home/www/scripts/php$fastcgi_script_name;

                            the SCRIPT_FILENAME parameter will be equal to “/home/www/scripts/php/info/index.php”

$geoip_area_code            telephone area code (US only)

$geoip_city                 city name, for example, “Moscow”, “Washington”

$geoip_city_continent_code  two-letter continent code, for example, “EU”, “NA”

$geoip_city_country_code    two-letter country code, for example, “RU”, “US”

$geoip_city_country_code3   three-letter country code, for example, “RUS”, “USA”

$geoip_city_country_name    country name, for example, “Russian Federation”, “United States”

$geoip_country_code         two-letter country code, for example, “RU”, “US”

$geoip_country_code3        three-letter country code, for example, “RUS”, “USA”

$geoip_country_name         country name, for example, “Russian Federation”, “United States”

$geoip_dma_code             DMA region code in US (also known as “metro code”), according to the geotargeting in Google AdWords API

$geoip_latitude             latitude

$geoip_longitude            longitude

$geoip_org                  organization name, for example, “The University of Melbourne”

$geoip_postal_code          postal code

$geoip_region               two-symbol country region code (region, territory, state, province, federal land and the like), for example, “48”, “DC”

$geoip_region_name          country region name (region, territory, state, province, federal land and the like), for example, “Moscow City”, “District of Columbia”

$gzip_ratio                 achieved compression ratio, computed as the ratio between the original and compressed response sizes

$host                       in this order of precedence: host name from the request line, or host name from the “Host” request header field, or the server name matching a request 

$hostname                   host name

$http2                      negotiated protocol identifier: “h2” for HTTP/2 over TLS, “h2c” for HTTP/2 over cleartext TCP, or an empty string otherwise

$http_                      arbitrary request header field; the last part of the variable name is the field name converted to lower case with dashes replaced by underscores. Examples: $http_referer, $http_user_agent

$https                      “on” if connection operates in SSL mode, or an empty string otherwise

$invalid_referer            Empty string, if the “Referer” request header field value is considered valid, otherwise “1”

$is_args                    “?” if a request line has arguments, or an empty string otherwise

$limit_rate                 setting this variable enables response rate limiting; see limit_rate

$memcached_key              Defines a key for obtaining response from a memcached server

$modern_browser             equals the value set by the modern_browser_value directive, if a browser was identified as modern

$msec                       current time in seconds with the milliseconds resolution (1.3.9, 1.2.6)

$msie                       equals “1” if a browser was identified as MSIE of any version

$nginx_version              nginx version

$pid                        PID of the worker process

$pipe                       “p” if request was pipelined, “.” otherwise (1.3.12, 1.2.7)

$proxy_add_x_forwarded_for  the “X-Forwarded-For” client request header field with the $remote_addr variable appended to it, separated by a comma. If the “X-Forwarded-For” field is not present in the client request header, the $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for variable is equal to the $remote_addr variable

$proxy_host                 name and port of a proxied server as specified in the proxy_pass directive

$proxy_port                 port of a proxied server as specified in the proxy_pass directive, or the protocol’s default port

$proxy_protocol_addr        client address from the PROXY protocol header, or an empty string otherwise (1.5.12). the PROXY protocol must be previously enabled by setting the proxy_protocol parameter in the listen directive.

$proxy_protocol_port        client port from the PROXY protocol header, or an empty string otherwise (1.11.0). the PROXY protocol must be previously enabled by setting the proxy_protocol parameter in the listen directive.

$query_string               same as $args

$realip_remote_addr         keeps the original client address (1.9.7)

$realip_remote_port         keeps the original client port (1.11.0)

$realpath_root              an absolute pathname corresponding to the root or alias directive’s value for the current request, with all symbolic links resolved to real paths 

$remote_addr                client address

$remote_port                client port

$remote_user                user name supplied with the Basic authentication

$request                    full original request line

$request_body               request bod. The variable’s value is made available in locations processed by the proxy_pass, fastcgi_pass, uwsgi_pass, and scgi_pass directives.

$request_body_file          name of a temporary file with the request body. At the end of processing, the file needs to be removed. To always write the request body to a file, client_body_in_file_only needs to be enabled. When the name of a temporary file is passed in a proxied request or in a request to a FastCGI/uwsgi/SCGI server, passing the request body should be disabled by the proxy_pass_request_body off, fastcgi_pass_request_body off, uwsgi_pass_request_body off, or scgi_pass_request_body off directives, respectively.

$request_completion         “OK” if a request has completed, or an empty string otherwise

$request_filename           file path for the current request, based on the root or alias directives, and the request URI

$request_id                 unique request identifier generated from 16 random bytes, in hexadecimal (1.11.0)

$request_length             request length (including request line, header, and request body) (1.3.12, 1.2.7)

$request_method             request method, usually “GET” or “POST”

$request_time               request processing time in seconds with a milliseconds resolution (1.3.9, 1.2.6); time elapsed since the first bytes were read from the client

$request_uri                full original request URI (with arguments)

$scheme                     request scheme, “http” or “https”

$secure_link                The status of a link check. The specific value depends on the selected operation mode

$secure_link_expires        The lifetime of a link passed in a request; intended to be used only in the secure_link_md5 directive

$sent_http_                 arbitrary response header field; the last part of the variable name is the field name converted to lower case with dashes replaced by underscores

$server_addr                an address of the server which accepted a request. Computing a value of this variable usually requires one system call. To avoid a system call, the listen directives must specify addresses and use the bind parameter.

$server_name                name of the server which accepted a request

$server_port                port of the server which accepted a request

$server_protocol            request protocol, usually “HTTP/1.0”, “HTTP/1.1”, or “HTTP/2.0”

$session_log_binary_id      current session ID in binary form (16 bytes)

$session_log_id             current session ID

$slice_range                the current slice range in HTTP byte range format, for example, bytes=0-1048575

$spdy                       SPDY protocol version for SPDY connections, or an empty string otherwise

$spdy_request_priority      request priority for SPDY connections, or an empty string otherwise

$ssl_cipher                 returns the string of ciphers used for an established SSL connection

$ssl_client_cert            returns the client certificate in the PEM format for an established SSL connection, with each line except the first prepended with the tab character; this is intended for the use in the proxy_set_header directive

$ssl_client_fingerprint     returns the SHA1 fingerprint of the client certificate for an established SSL connection (1.7.1)

$ssl_client_i_dn            returns the “issuer DN” string of the client certificate for an established SSL connection

$ssl_client_raw_cert        returns the client certificate in the PEM format for an established SSL connection

$ssl_client_s_dn            returns the “subject DN” string of the client certificate for an established SSL connection

$ssl_client_serial          returns the serial number of the client certificate for an established SSL connection

$ssl_client_verify          returns the result of client certificate verification: “SUCCESS”, “FAILED”, and “NONE” if a certificate was not present

$ssl_protocol               returns the protocol of an established SSL connection

$ssl_server_name            returns the server name requested through SNI (1.7.0)

$ssl_session_id             returns the session identifier of an established SSL connection

$ssl_session_reused         returns “r” if an SSL session was reused, or “.” otherwise (1.5.11)

$status                     response status (1.3.2, 1.2.2)

$tcpinfo_rtt, 

$tcpinfo_rttvar, 

$tcpinfo_snd_cwnd, 

$tcpinfo_rcv_space          information about the client TCP connection; available on systems that support the TCP_INFO socket option

$time_iso8601               local time in the ISO 8601 standard format (1.3.12, 1.2.7)

$time_local                 local time in the Common Log Format (1.3.12, 1.2.7)

$uid_got                    The cookie name and received client identifier

$uid_reset                  If the variable is set to a non-empty string that is not “0”, the client identifiers are reset. The special value “log” additionally leads to the output of messages about the reset identifiers to the error_log

$uid_set                    The cookie name and sent client identifier

$upstream_addr              keeps the IP address and port, or the path to the UNIX-domain socket of the upstream server. If several servers were contacted during request processing, their addresses are separated by commas, e.g. “192.168.1.1:80, 192.168.1.2:80, unix:/tmp/sock”. If an internal redirect from one server group to another happens, initiated by “X-Accel-Redirect” or error_page, then the server addresses from different groups are separated by colons, e.g. “192.168.1.1:80, 192.168.1.2:80, unix:/tmp/sock : 192.168.10.1:80, 192.168.10.2:80”

$upstream_cache_status      keeps the status of accessing a response cache (0.8.3). The status can be either “MISS”, “BYPASS”, “EXPIRED”, “STALE”, “UPDATING”, “REVALIDATED”, or “HIT”

$upstream_connect_time      time spent on establishing a connection with an upstream server

$upstream_cookie_           cookie with the specified name sent by the upstream server in the “Set-Cookie” response header field (1.7.1). Only the cookies from the response of the last server are saved

$upstream_header_time       time between establishing a connection and receiving the first byte of the response header from the upstream server

$upstream_http_             keep server response header fields. For example, the “Server” response header field is available through the $upstream_http_server variable. The rules of converting header field names to variable names are the same as for the variables that start with the “$http_” prefix. Only the header fields from the response of the last server are saved

$upstream_response_length   keeps the length of the response obtained from the upstream server (0.7.27); the length is kept in bytes. Lengths of several responses are separated by commas and colons like addresses in the $upstream_addr variable

$upstream_response_time     time between establishing a connection and receiving the last byte of the response body from the upstream server

$upstream_status            keeps status code of the response obtained from the upstream server. Status codes of several responses are separated by commas and colons like addresses in the $upstream_addr variable

$uri                        current URI in request, normalized. The value of $uri may change during request processing, e.g. when doing internal redirects, or when using index files.


标签: nginxlogformat参数大全

作者:良玉 分类:Nginx 浏览:2123 评论:0
留言列表
发表评论
来宾的头像